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© 1998-2006 Yvonne Demoskoff

 

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Miscellaneous

FAQ about Diana, Princess of Wales

Table of Contents:

Introduction

Childhood and Teen Years

1. When and where was Diana born?
2. What were Diana's names at her christening?
3. Was Diana always a "Lady"?
4. Who are Diana's relatives (parents, siblings and close relatives)?
5. Where did Diana spend her early years?
6. Was one of Diana's sisters a girlfriend of Prince Charles?
7. What kind of work did Diana do before she met Prince Charles?

Married Life

8. When did Charles and Diana's romance begin?
9. When did Charles and Diana become engaged?
10. When and where did Charles and Diana marry?
11. Who designed Diana's wedding dress?
12. What was some of the music played at Charles and Diana's wedding?
13. When and where were Diana's children born?
14. Where did Diana live during her marriage?
15. When did Charles and Diana separate and subsequently divorce?
16. What was Diana's title during her marriage and after her divorce?
17. Was Diana stripped of "HRH" following her divorce?
18. Does anyone have the television interview Diana gave prior to her divorce?

Death and Funeral

19. When and where did Diana die?
20. When and where were Diana's funeral and burial?
21. Where can I find a copy of Earl Spencer's Funeral Address?
22. Where can I see a copy of Diana's last will and testament?
23. Where can I see the final report by the Paris prosecutor's concerning the Diana crash inquiry?

Miscellaneous

24. Who was taller, Charles or Diana?
25. Did Diana receive any royal Orders?
26. Did Diana receive any international awards?
27. Are there any flowers named after Diana?
28. Who are Diana's godchildren?
29. Who were Diana's ladies-in-waiting?       
30. What were some of Diana's hobbies?
31. What were some charities with which Diana was associated?
32. How is Diana related to royalty?
33. How were Charles and Diana related to each other?
34. How was Diana's sister Sarah's husband related to their stepmother, the former Raine McCorquodale? Also, how is the wife of the 17th Earl of Strathmore (Queen Elizabeth II's cousin) related to Diana's stepmother, Raine?

Books

Websites

Sources



Introduction

This FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) about Diana, Princess of Wales was created because of the tremendous interest that was generated by the sudden death of Diana, Princess of Wales in August 1997. This FAQ is not a definitive work, yet will hopefully answer certain questions that many people have been asking about Diana. For information not found in this FAQ, readers are encouraged to look at the Usenet newsgroup alt.talk.royalty FAQ at http://www.heraldica.org/faqs/britfaq.htm

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Childhood and Teen Years

1. When and where was Diana born?

Diana was born on 1 July 1961 at 7:45 p.m. (summer time) at Park House, situated on the edge of the royal estate Sandringham, in Norfolk.  She weighed 7 lbs, 12 oz. Park House belonged to HM The Queen but was leased to Diana's parents, the then Viscount and Viscountess Althorp, from 1955 to 1975. In 1983, HM The Queen offered Park House to the Cheshire Foundation as a holiday home for the disabled. During a visit to Park House with the Queen, Prince Charles discovered Diana's signature on a window frame. He moved the whole sash window to Highgrove House for Diana as a souvenir of her childhood home.

2. What were Diana's names at her christening?

Diana was christened Diana Frances on 30 August 1961 at St. Mary Magdalen church, Sandringham, by the Right Reverend Percy Herbert. Diana had five godparents: John Floyd (Chairman of Christie's, and a friend of her father), Alexander Gilmour (her father's cousin), Lady Mary Colman (the former Lady Mary Bowes-Lyon, later Lady Colman, wife of the Lord Lieutenant of Norfolk, and niece of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, and later a lady-in-waiting to Princess Alexandra, Hon. Lady Ogilvy), Mrs Michael (Sarah) Pratt (daughter of a former Dean of Hereford, and friend and neighbour of Diana's parents), and Mrs William (Carol) Fox (another friend and neighbour of Diana's parents).

3. Was Diana always a "Lady"?

No, she wasn't. As the unmarried daughter of someone who by courtesy used the style and title of a Viscount, Diana bore the courtesy style of 'The Honourable' before her Christian name and surname (that is, 'The Honourable Diana Spencer') from the time of her birth until 1975. Her father, Viscount Althorp, first son and heir apparent of his father the 7th Earl Spencer, succeeded to the title on 9 June 1975. At this point, Diana, as the unmarried daughter of an Earl, had the courtesy style of 'Lady' before her Christian name and surname (that is, 'Lady Diana Spencer').

4. Who are Diana's relatives (parents, siblings and close relatives)?

Diana's parents were John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer (1924-1992) and Honourable Frances Burke Roche (1936-2004). John and Frances married at Westminster Abbey in 1954 and divorced in 1969. Frances, who married Peter Shand Kydd later that year, divorced him some years later. John married Raine McCorquodale in 1976; she was previously married to the 8th Earl of Dartmouth.

Diana siblings are:

• Elizabeth Sarah (b. 19 March 1955), married on 17 May 1980 Neil McCorquodale (b. 10 April 1951), a second cousin once removed of Raine; they have three children: Emily Jane b. 2 July 1983, George Edmund b. 17 November 1984, and Celia Rose b. ca February 1990.

• Cynthia Jane (b. 11 February 1957), married on 20 April 1978 Sir Robert Fellowes (later Baron Fellowes) (b. 11 December 1942), formerly Private Secretary to HM The Queen; they have three children: Laura Jane b. 19 July 1980, Alexander Robert b. 23 March 1983, and Eleanor Ruth b. 20 August 1985.

• John (b. and d. 12 January 1960)

• Charles, 9th Earl Spencer (b. 20 May 1964), married on 16 September 1989 Catherine Victoria Lockwood (b. ca 1964); they divorced on 3 December 1997; they have four children: Kitty Eleanor b. 28 December 1990, twins Eliza Victoria and Katya Amelia b. 10 July 1992, and Louis Frederick John, Viscount Althorp b. 14 March 1994; Charles married secondly on 15 December 2001 Caroline Hutton (b. 1966; Caroline was previously married to Matthew Freud, a great-grandson of Sigmund Freud, by whom she has two sons); they have a son: Edmund Charles b. 6 October 2003.

For Diana's close relatives (paternal and maternal great-grandparents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins), see Relatives of Diana, Princess of Wales. (temporarily unavailable)

5. Where did Diana spend her early years?

Diana's early years were spent at home cared for by her nanny at Park House. When she was older, Diana was taught by a governess at home. Later, she attended a day school and then was sent to a boarding school, Riddlesworth Hall, Norfolk. In 1973, Diana attended her sisters' alma mater, West Heath at Sevenoaks, Kent. Until 1975, the family lived at Park House but shortly before turning fourteen years old, Diana's grandfather died and her father became 8th Earl Spencer. At this point, the family moved to their sixteenth-century ancestral home, Althorp House in Northamptonshire.

6. Was one of Diana's sisters a girlfriend of Prince Charles?

Yes, Diana's eldest sister, Sarah, was a girlfriend of Prince Charles. Sarah and Charles met at Ascot in June 1977. They parted ways some time after February 1978.

7. What kind of work did Diana do before she met Prince Charles?

Diana left West Heath in December 1977. She finished her schooling at the Institut Alpin Videmanette, near Gstaad, Switzerland. She was there for only a short time, however (from about January to March 1978). Later that year, Diana worked at various occupations: as a mother's helper in Hampshire, as well as doing occasional babysitting and cleaning work. In early 1979, Diana became a student teacher, helping young children with their dancing lessons. That summer, Diana and some friends moved into a London apartment bought with money left to her in a trust fund by her American great-grandmother. In the fall of 1979, Diana found work as an assistant teacher at London's Young England Kindergarten. Some time later, she looked after a young American boy whose parents lived in London.

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Married Life

8. When did Charles and Diana's romance begin?

In November 1977, Charles and Diana met at a shooting party one weekend at Althorp. However, it wasn't until July 1980 that Charles invited Diana to a polo match in Sussex. This was the start of their romance. More invitations followed that year: Cowes in August, Balmoral in September, dinner with Charles at his friends' the Parker Bowles in October, Princess Margaret's belated birthday party in November.

9. When did Charles and Diana become engaged?

Charles proposed to Diana during the evening of 6 February 1981 while at Windsor Castle: they were in the nursery when Charles "told her how much he had missed her while he was away skiing and then asked her simply to marry him". (Contrary to what has been reported in certain sources, Charles did not propose to Diana in January 1981, nor did he propose at Buckingham Palace during a "candlelit dinner in his three-roomed bachelor apartments".) Diana "broke into a fit of giggles", but replied "Yes please". Their engagement remained a secret until after Diana's return from a family holiday in Australia and Prince Andrew's 21st birthday.

At 11:00 a.m. on the 24th of February, Buckingham Palace's Press Office released a brief message announcing the engagement of Charles and Diana.

10. When and where did Charles and Diana marry?

Charles and Diana were married on 29 July 1981 at St. Paul's Cathedral, London. Their honeymoon began at Broadlands (in Romsey, Hampshire), the home of Charles's late great-uncle Lord Mountbatten, and continued on a Mediterranean cruise aboard the royal yacht Britannia. The honeymoon finished at Balmoral, the Queen's Scottish estate.
 
11. Who designed Diana's wedding dress?

Diana's wedding dress was designed by David and Elizabeth Emanuel. The former students at the Royal College of Art, David and Elizabeth had previously designed for HRH the Duchess of Kent before being chosen by the then Lady Diana Spencer to design her wedding gown.  Diana had worn one of their outfits (a pale pink blouse and a pale pink taffeta skirt) when she was photographed by Lord Snowdon for Vogue magazine, but had not used them as designers until her engagement. The silk for Diana's ivory pure silk taffeta wedding dress was spun by the only silk farm in Britain, the Lullingstone silk farm; the embroidery was done by Elizabeth and her mother; the lace panels were formed from Carrickmacross lace which belonged to Queen Mary (it formed the 'something old' part of Diana's outfit); the 25-foot train, as well as the whole dress, featured 10,000 mother-of-pearl sequins and pearls.

12. What was some of the music played at Charles and Diana's wedding?

The music played at Charles and Diana's wedding were the following fanfares, hymns and anthems:

• the first piece of music was 'Fanfare Royale', by Major W. Jackson (played by the State Trumpeters)

• during the bridal processional: 'Trumpet Voluntary (The Prince of Denmark's March)', by Jeremiah Clarke

• during the ceremony: 'Christ is made the sure Foundation', by Henry Purcell; 'I vow to thee my country', words by Sir Cecil Spring-Rice, music by Gustav Holst; 'I was glad', by Sir Hubert Parry; and 'Let the people praise thee', by William Mathias (specially composed for Diana and Charles's wedding)

• during the signing of the register: 'March from the Overture to the Occasional Oratorio', by Handel as well as 'Let the Bright Seraphim', sung by Dame Kiri te Kanawa and 'Let their celestial concerts all unite', performed by the Bach Choir

• during the recessional: 'Fanfare, Rejoicing', by Major A. Richards and 'Pomp and Circumstance, March No. 4 in G', by Edward Elgar

13. When and where were Diana's children born?

Diana's first child, Prince William, was born on 21 June 1982 at St. Mary's Hospital, Paddington (London). Her second child, Prince Henry (Harry), was born on 15 September 1984 at the same hospital.

14. Where did Diana live during her marriage and after her divorce?

Diana, Charles and their sons lived in a three-story apartment at Kensington Palace, London. They also lived at their country home, Highgrove (a nine-bedroom Georgian house on 350 acres of land), near Tetbury, in Gloucestershire.

After her divorce, Diana continued to lived at Kensington Palace with their children, while Charles moved into St. James's Palace.

15. When did Charles and Diana separate and subsequently divorce?

Charles and Diana's official separation was announced on 9 December 1992 by Prime Minister John Major. On 15 July 1996, a decree nisi was granted and was made absolute on 28 August 1996. Charles was represented by Fiona Shackleton of the firm Farrer and Co, while Diana was represented by Anthony Julius of the firm Mishcon de Reya. Diana received a financial settlement, retained her apartment in Kensington Palace and continued to share equal responsibility for their sons.

16. What was Diana's title during her marriage and after her divorce?

As wife of HRH The Prince of Wales, Diana became HRH The Princess of Wales upon her marriage. By virtue of being the wife of the heir to the Throne, she was also Countess of Chester, Duchess of Cornwall and Rothesay, Countess of Carrick and Baroness of Renfrew. Following her divorce, Diana was known by the name Diana, Princess of Wales.

Despite what was reported by the press then and to this day, Diana was never entitled to be known as HRH Princess Diana, or HRH Princess Diana of Wales. The first form would indicate that Diana was a princess from birth, and the second form would indicate that Diana was a daughter of the Prince of Wales; she was neither of these.

17. Was Diana stripped of "HRH" following her divorce?

No, Diana was not stripped of the style "HRH" (Her Royal Highness) following her divorce. When Diana married HRH The Prince of Wales in 1981, she became automatically HRH The Princess of Wales. Following her divorce, Diana ceased to be a Royal Highness because she was no longer married to a prince who was a Royal Highness. (The entitlement to the style 'Royal Highness' was hers only by marriage, not by birthright.)

Shortly before Diana and Charles's decree absolute, HM The Queen issued Letters Patent dated 21 August 1996 (published in the London Gazette of 30 August 1996 ) which established new guidelines for the style of royal divorcees. The Letters Patent stated that any woman divorced from a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with the style 'Royal Highness' would no longer be entitled to this style. (It does not appear that the divorced wife would lose the dignity of "Princess of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland", however.) Accordingly, Diana was no longer known as 'HRH The Princess of Wales', but known as 'Diana, Princess of Wales'.

18. Does anyone have the television interview Diana gave prior to her divorce?

The full transcript of Diana's BBC Panorama television interview which was transmitted on 20 November 1995 can be seen in Majesty magazine (Volume 17, Number 1, January 1996), and online at The Panorama Interview.

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Death and Funeral

19. When and where did Diana die?

Diana died at the Pitié Salpétrière Hospital, Paris, France on 31 August 1997. She had been involved in a car accident which left her companion, Dodi al-Fayed, and the chauffeur, Henri Paul, dead. The only survivor was the bodyguard, Trevor Rees-Jones.

20. When and where were Diana's funeral and burial?

Diana's funeral was held at Westminster Abbey on 6 September 1997. Her coffin was covered with a Royal Standard which was not the Sovereign's Royal Standard but one that was slightly different (that is, it was edged with ten ermine tails on a white background). This particular version of Royal Standard is one that is reserved for members of the royal family who are styled 'Royal Highness', but HM The Queen gave permission for its use on Diana's coffin.

Diana's brother, Charles, wanted a private funeral for his sister and his and the Spencer family's wishes were taken into account by the royal family and the government. Diana's funeral was not a State Funeral (accorded to the sovereign and on rare occasions to national heros like Admiral Nelson, the Duke of Wellington and Sir Winston Churchill), nor was it a Ceremonial Royal Funeral (accorded to the sovereign's consort and to members of the royal family who hold high military rank), nor was it a Private Royal Funeral (accorded to those who hold the rank of Royal Highness). Diana's funeral was a "a unique funeral for a unique person", in the words of Buckingham Palace.  It was both a public yet private funeral. It was a state event but did not have all the pomp and ceremony of a State funeral. (One of the features of a State Funeral is the lying in state, but since neither the royal family nor the Spencer family wanted Diana's body to lie in state, no lying in state was organized.)

Diana was buried later that day in sanctified ground on a small island in a lake on the Althorp estate, her family's ancestral home. The publication of Diana's burial certificate, dated 12 September 1997, states that she was buried 'in an extra-parochial place, namely at Althorp Park in the County of Northamptonshire in the grave previously consecrated by the Bishop of Peterborough on the Island in the Oval Lake'.

21. Where can I find a copy of Earl Spencer's Funeral Address?

The Order of Service for the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, including Earl Spencer's Tribute (the Funeral Address), can be seen at the Order of Service.

22. Where can I see a copy of Diana's last will and testament?

The full text of Diana's last will and testament can be seen on the WWW at this URL: Diana's Last Will and Testament

23. Where can I see the final report by the Paris prosecutor's concerning the Diana crash inquiry?

The "Final report by Paris prosecutor's office" concerning Diana's death is available at Final Report.

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Miscellaneous

24. Who was taller, Charles or Diana?

Diana was taller than her husband. Charles is 5' 9 1/2" tall, while Diana was 5' 10". (Other sources state that Charles was 5'10" and that Diana was 5'11".) Charles looked taller on occasion but that was either because he was standing on a step behind his wife, or because Diana was wearing flat-heeled shoes. As time went on and Diana gained more confidence, she gradually took to wearing shoes with slightly more heels, such as low leather pumps, moving on to court shoes with heels of about 1 1/2", to the more daring and fashionable high heeled-shoes by Jimmy Choo or Manolo Blahnik.

25. Did Diana receive any Orders during her marriage?

Diana received the Royal Family Order shortly after her marriage. She wore it for the first time at the state opening of Parliament in 1981. It was her only English Order. Diana received two foreign Orders: The Order of Al Kamal (Egypt), in 1981, and the Grand Cross of the House of Orange (The Netherlands), in 1982.

26. Did Diana receive any international awards?

Diana received the Humanitarian of the Year Award presented to her December 1995 in New York City. She was honoured for her charity work with children by the judges of the United Cerebral Palsy charity. Diana had been Patron of the Foundation for Conductive Education in Birmingham, England since 1990. (The Foundation promotes a form of teaching for children with cerebral palsy.)

The following year in October 1996, Diana received a humanitarian award from the Pio Manzu Centre. The Centre is an international organisation headed by Mikhail Gorbachov, former President of the Soviet Union. Diana travelled to Rimini, Italy where she was presented with a gold medal for her 'social concern for those in need'.

27. Are there any flowers named after Diana?

Yes, there are two British roses named in Diana's honour. The first one is 'the Princess of Wales' rose and it was named for Diana a few months before her death. During a visit to the British Lung Foundation in the spring of 1997, Diana (formerly Patron of the Foundation) was presented with a bouquet of the roses. Brothers Robert and Philip Harkness specially bred the rose over a ten-year period. The flower is described as a white rose with a delicate cream centre with an abundant spicy scent.  The second one is 'England's Rose' and was named by the Royal National Rose Society. The rose was introduced to the public in the fall of 1999 and was created by David Austin Roses Ltd.  The flower is described as creamy pink with a gentle apricot blush and has a delicate yet powerful scent. To read more about 'England's Rose', see England's Rose.

28. Who are Diana's godchildren?

For Diana's seventeen godchildren, see Royal Godchildren.

29. Who were Diana's ladies-in-waiting?

For Diana's eight ladies-in-waiting, see Diana, Princess of Wales' Ladies-in-Waiting.

30. What were some of Diana's hobbies?

Some of Diana's interests and hobbies included tennis, swimming, skiing, tap dancing, playing the piano, listening to music and enjoying the ballet.

31. What were some charities with which Diana was associated?

Since her marriage in 1981, Diana became president or patron of many charities. Some of these charities included:

• Birthright
• British Red Cross
• Help the Aged
• The Malcom Sargent Cancer Fund for Children
• National Children's Orchestra
• Royal Academy of Music
• Turning Point

Following her divorce in 1996, Diana announced that she would no longer be part of ninety-three organisations. The charities with which she chose to maintain a link were, up until her death, the following:

• Centrepoint
• Leprosy Mission
• National AIDS Trust
• English National Ballet
• Great Ormond Street Hospital
• Royal Marsden Hospital

32. How is Diana related to royalty?

Diana has many lines of descent from royalty. She descends from some of the natural children of King Charles II and King James II, sons of Charles I, King of England. Some of these lines of descent are from her paternal grandfather, the 7th Earl Spencer while the other lines are from his wife, Lady Cynthia Hamilton. As well as being a descendant of Kings of England, Diana can claim descent from the Kings of Aragon, Cyprus, France, Jerusalem, Portugal, Scotland; the Holy Roman Emperors; the Dukes of Bavaria; the Dukes of Savoy; and a variety of other sovereigns.

33. How were Charles and Diana related to each other?

Charles and Diana are related to each other through different lines, but their closest relationship is that of seventh cousins once removed: they are descendants of William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire (1698-1755) through his children William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire (Charles's ancestor) and Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (Diana's ancestor).

To view a chart which shows Charles and Diana's common ancestry, see Closest common ancestor of the Prince of Wales and the late Diana, Princess of Wales.

34. How was Diana's sister Sarah's husband related to their stepmother, the former Raine McCorquodale? Also, how is the wife of the 17th Earl of Strathmore (Queen Elizabeth II's cousin) related to Diana's stepmother, Raine?

Diana's eldest sister Sarah's husband, Neil McCorquodale, is the second cousin once removed of their stepmother, Raine McCorquodale, in this way:

• George McCorquodale -> Harold McCorquodale -> Kenneth McCorquodale -> Alastair McCorquodale -> Neil McCorquodale m. Lady Sarah Spencer (Diana's eldest sister)

• George McCorquodale -> Alexander McCorquodale -> Alexander McCorquodale -> Raine McCorquodale m. 8th Earl Spencer (Diana and Sarah's father)

The ink between Diana's stepmother, Raine, and Charles's maternal side of the family is through Mary McCorquodale (a second cousin of Diana's stepmother, Raine) who married Fergus Bowes-Lyon, 17th Earl of Strathmore (a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II):

• George McCorquodale -> Alexander McCorquodale -> Alexander McCorquodale -> Raine McCorquodale m. 8th Earl Spencer

• George McCorquodale -> Norman McCorquodale -> Norman McCorquodale -> Mary McCorquodale m. 17th Earl of Strathmore

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Books

The following is a selection of books about Diana:

American Ancestors and Cousins of the Princess of Wales, by Gary Boyd Roberts and William Addams Reitwiesner (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1984)
The Bodyguard's Story: Diana, the Crash, and the Sole Survivor, by Trevor Rees-Jones (H.b.fenn & Co., 2000)
Charles and Diana: Portrait of a marriage, by Penny Junor (London: Headline, 1991)
A Day to Remember: The wedding of the Prince and Princess of Wales, by Trevor Hall (New York: Crescent Books, 1982)
Death of a Princess: The Investigation, by Thomas Sancton and Scott MacLeod (St. Martin's Press)
Debrett's Illustrated Fashion Guide: The Princess of Wales, by Jayne & Terry Fincher (Topsfield, Mass.: Salem House, 1989)
The Definitive Diana: An intimate look at the Princess of Wales from A to Z, by Sally Moore (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1991)
Diana: An Intimate Portrait, by Ingrid Seward (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1988)
Diana: Her New Life, by Andrew Morton (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994)
Diana: Her Life in Fashion, by Georgina Howell (Vancouver, B.C.: Raincoast Books, 1998)
Diana: Her True Story, by Andrew Morton (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992)
The Diana I Knew: Loving Memories Of The Friendship Between An American Mother And Her Son's Nanny Who Became The Princess Of Wales, by Mary Robertson (Harper Collins Canada Ltd., 1998)
Diana in Search of Herself: Portrait of a Troubled Princess, by Sally Bedell Smith (New York: Times Books, 1999)
Diana, Princess of Wales: A biography, by Penny Junor (London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1982)
Diana's Diary: An intimate portrait of the Princess of Wales, by Andrew Morton (New York: Summit Books, 1990)
In Private -- In Public: The Prince and Princess of Wales, by Alastair Burnet (New York: Summit Books, 1986)
The Spencer Family, by Charles Spencer (London:  Viking, 1999)

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Websites

The following is a selection of websites dedicated to, or which feature sections about, Diana:

Althorp House
BBC Funeral Pictures
The British Monarchy Official Web Site
CNN: Diana: A Remembrance
Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund

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Sources

• on-line source:

British Monarchy Official Website

• print sources:

Burke's Peerage and Baronetage (1970 edition)
Eilers, Marlene A. Queen Victoria's Descendants. Falkoping, Sweden: Rosvall Royal Books, 1997.
Junor, Penny. Diana, Princess of Wales: A biography. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1982.
Majesty magazine (various issues)
The Prince and Princess of Wales' Wedding Day (1981) (a wedding souvenir booklet)
Seward, Ingrid. Diana: An Intimate Portrait. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1988.
Vickers, Hugo. Royal Orders. London: Boxtree, 1994.

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This website was last updated on 14 December 2005. 1998-2006 Yvonne Demoskoff